Racism & Bias Reading List

Explore our list of must-read articles and books about racism and bias.

Book List

United in Solidarity Resource Guide

Mount Sinai Office for Diversity & Inclusion

A catalog of print and social media to learn about racism, prejudice, and bias in America as well as causes to support the fight against injustice.

View the resource guide on the United in Solidarity page here.

Understanding and Dismantling Racism: The Twenty-First Century Challenge to White America
Joseph Barndt

Barndt traces the history of racism revealing the various and personal, institutional, and cultural forms. He offers collaborative ways to end racism. Read an excerpt. The book is available for purchase.

Black and White Racial Identity—Theory, Research, Practice
Janet E. Helms

In four parts, Helms collects and examines the theories of black and white racial identities. She highlights the importance of learning about racial identities to guide research and practice. Read excerpts from the chapters titled, “An Overview of Black Racial Identity Theory” and “Toward a Model of White Racial Identity Development.” The book is available for purchase.

Racism in the United States: Implications for the Helping Professionals (Counseling Diverse Populations)
Joshua Miller and Anne Marie Garran

Miller and Garran will challenge you to analyze the social and psychological constructs of racism and how it will affect the care you will give to your future patients. Read an excerpt from the first chapter: “Background: Social Identity and Situating Ourselves.” The book is available for purchase.

Article List

What Doctors Should Ignore
Moises Velasquez-Manoff

Will health professionals push past—or even abandon—the race concept in medicine? This New York Times article reveals the growing reasons why they should.

Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care: What is the Role of Academic Medicine?
Joseph R. Betancourt, MD, MPH

Dr. Betancourt explores the role of academic medicine in eliminating health care disparities and highlights solutions to do so in this Academic Medicine article.

Commentary: Racism and Bias in Health Professions Education—How Educators, Faculty Developers, and Researchers Can Make a Difference
Reena Karani, MD, MHPE; Lara Varpio, PhD; Win May, PhD; Tanya Horsley, PhD; John Chenault, PhD; Karen Hughes Miller, PhD, MEd; Bridget O’Brien, PhD

In this Academic Medicine article, members of AAMC’s Research in Medical Education Planning Committee discuss ways in which educators can eliminate racism and bias in health professions education.

Under the Radar: How Unexamined Biases in Decision-Making Processes in Clinical Interactions Can Contribute to Health Care Disparities
John F. Dovidio, PhD and Susan T. Fiske, PhD

Drs. Dovidio and Fiske discuss the impact of unconscious biases to guide interventions that would eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities. Read the entire National Institutes of Health article.

#BlackLivesMatter—Challenge to the Medical and Public Health Communities
Mary T. Bassett, MD, MPH

In this New England Journal of Medicine article, Dr. Mary T. Bassett, Deputy Commissioner of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, discusses the accountability of health professionals in combatting institutional and interpersonal racism.

Prostate Cancer Isn’t Colorblind
Lanis Hall, Arnold D. Bullock, Angela L. Brown, and Graham Colditz

This New York Times op-ed sheds light on the racial disparities that remain in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of many illnesses—despite major advances.

The Institutional Context of Multicultural Education: What is Your Institutional Curriculum?
Jann L. Murray-García, MD, MPH and Jorge A. García, MD, MS

In this Academic Medicine article, Drs. Murray-García and García explore the hidden curriculum prevalent in medical education and its impact on its trainees.

Institutional Racism in U.S. Health Care
Vernellia Randall

Randall highlights the ways institutional racism manifest itself across the health care system in the United States.

Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice
Derald Wing Sue, Christina M. Capodilupo, Gina C. Torino, Jennifer M. Bucceri, Aisha M. B. Holder, Kevin L. Nadal, and Marta Esquilin

These co-authors define racial microaggressions and their potential barrier to effective clinical practice and therapeutic alliance. Read the full article here.

The Impact of Racism on Clinician Cognition, Behavior, and Clinical Decision Making
Michelle van Ryn, Diana J. Burgess, John. F. Dovidio, Sean M. Phelan

In this National Institute of Health article, five co-authors highlight the importance of awareness to our unconscious biases and recommend interventions to improve medical care.